African Cardinal leading online vote

The results for the second week (March 4-10) of the Vote for Pope online vote ( indicate that Cardinal Turkson, from Ghana, is the winner under each of the four elections that were held among the online participants. Please note that most of the participants come from North America and Europe and that Latin America in particular is underrepresented.


People are invited to visit the site and vote under each electoral system. Every Monday, we will announce the results for the previous week. For more details, see

Vote for Pope: A tool to better understand electoral systems

A team of French and Canadian scientists has launched the website to better understand how electoral systems affect electoral outcomes.

The website has two objectives: inform the public about the various electoral systems that exist in the world to elect state leaders, and collect data on voters' behaviour under different these systems. The study focuses on the election of the next Pope.

The website is available in six languages (French, English, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, and German) and provides information about four electoral systems that can be utilized for the election of a head of state: one round plurality, two round runoff, alternative vote, and approval vote. The electoral system that is used for the election of the Pope is also described.

The visitor is then invited to imagine how he/she would vote if the pope, the head of state of the Vatican and the leader of the Catholic Church, was elected under each of these four electoral systems. The interactive section of the website allows people to cast a vote under each system. Information is also provided about some of the main candidates for the succession of Benedict XVI.

Similar websites have been developed for recent elections in France and Iceland, as well as the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Quebec. The study is part of a larger international project designed to better understand the functioning of electoral democracy (Making Electoral Democracy Work).

The research team is composed of André Blais (University of Montreal, Canada), Jean-François Laslier (CNRS and Polytechnique, France), and Damien Bol (Canada Research Chair in Electoral Studies).